Consider intravenous regular insulin infusion if random blood glucose is greaterh than 13.8 mmol/L.
Discontinue all previous orders for insulin and oral hypoglycemic agents.
Patient must be NPO, or receive continuous enteral or parenteral nutrition.
If nutrition is stopped, decrease insulin infusion by 50% and monitor blood glucose every hour.
Target of this infusion is 7.8-9.8 mmol/L.
Insulin solution is 1 unit of regular insulin per 1 ml of 0.9% NaCl.
Initial insulin bolus is 0.05 units/kg, to a maximum of 5 units.
Initial insulin dose is 0.05 units/kg per hour, to a maximum of 5 units/hr.
Monitor patient's finger stick blood blood glucose every 2 hours.
Adjust the infusion rate based on the previous blood glucose, current blood glucose and current infusion rate.
Stop insulin infusion if blood glucose <= 3.8 mmol/L and initiate hypoglycemia protocol by giving 50 mL of 50% Dextrose, calling physician and checking blood glucose every 15 minutes until above 3.8 mg/dL.
Notify physician if insulin infusion is >15 units/hour.